About Guitar

TYPES OF GUITARS

There are two types of guitars: acoustic and electric. Guitar makers build acoustic guitars so they can be played without amplification.  Electric guitars require an amplifier to produce a sound loud enough to hear well. Acoustic guitars are suggested to start with.

Common Parts Electric Only Acoustic Only
Headstock Pickup Sound Hole
Tuning Machines Pickup Selector Bridge Pin
Frets Output Jack End Pin
Nut Volume Knob Sounding Board (Guitar Top)
Neck Tone Knob
Fretboard (Fingerboard) Bar (Whammy Bar)  Fingerboard
Position Markers (typically dots)
Body
Bridge
Saddle
Strings

STRING NAMING AND STANDARD TUNING

Strings are numbered from the thinnest string (1st string) to the thickest string (6th string).  The tuning is given from the 6th string to the 1st string: E-A-D-G-B-E. This tuning (E-A-D-G-B-E) is called standard tuning of a guitar.

STRING NUMBERING AND TUNING

Notes are named using the first seven letters of the alphabet, however there are more than seven pitches, or notes, produced on the guitar. The note names, or letters, repeat themselves. For example: the note name after G is A: … E-F-G-A-B-C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C …

FRET NUMBERING

Fender Stratocaster electric guitar, logo removed, separated on a white background, clipping path included.

Frets are numbered from the headstock toward the body starting with 1.  Sometimes the number 0 or letter O is used to denote an open string, or one that is played without fretting a note.

Fretting a note is executed by pressing the string down behind a fret (on the headstock side of the fret).

FRET-BOARD MOVEMENT

Fender Stratocaster electric guitar, logo removed, separated on a white background, clipping path included.

Guitarists can move horizontally up or down the fretboard, or vertically across the fretboard. These are common terms used to communicate how to shift your hands when playing the guitar.